Newmarket is a town in the Canadian province of Ontario located north of Toronto. It is the regional seat of York Region and is share of the Greater Toronto Area and Golden Horseshoe of Southern Ontario.
The prime river in Newmarket is the East Holland River (known locally as "The Holland River"), and all other streams in the town are branched thereto. There are two basins in Newmarket; Fairy Lake, a former mill pond on the East Holland River and an admired recreational area in the centre of town; and Bogart Pond, also a former mill pond, is fed and drained by Bogart Creek in Bogarttown. Furthermore, the water level in the reach of the East Holland north of Davis Drive is controlled from an unfinished Newmarket Canal lock, now used as a weir.
Some of Newmarket's most apparent landmarks are the Upper Canada Mall, Southlake Regional Health Centre, the Fairy Lake Conservation Area, as well as many other parks and recreation areas. For over 100 years, the town's urban area, centered on Main Street, has acted as a hub of commerce and cultural activity. This area consists of numerous early 19th Century buildings worthy of preservation, and in October 2013, this area was recognized as a Provincial Heritage Conservation District. Today, this significant area acts as the social and cultural centre of the town and offers residents and visitors alike plentiful shopping and dining options.